A default gateway is nothing but a node that allows the device to forward packets from one network to the other i.e. you can communicate with devices between different networks. By default, servers, workstation, and network devices each will have a unique default gateway address where you have a defined default route settings, actually, it runs on TCP/IP network.
Default Gateway IP Address
What is a default? – The word default is in the sense that this gateway is used as a default.
What is a gateway? – it is a data communication device that gives you a remote network access with connectivity to a host network.
What is a gateway device? – A gateway is simply a device that joins together two different networks.
What is the purpose of the default gateway?
A default gateway may act as an intermediate between the local network and the internet. It connects your computer to the internet. If you request a web page from your computer, then the request first runs through your default gateway then it reaches the internet from the local network. It provides security to the network and carrying out other functionality in addition to acting as a gateway to the internet.
The devices like DSL router or cable router usually connects the local network to the internet which acts as a default gateway for all the network devices. This suits for home or small office environment. The home router serves as the default gateway when the network is connected to a broadband router to share the internet connection.
In the enterprise system, you may have many internal network segments that communicate with an internet address i.e. the packet is forwarded to the default gateway when the request is made. The packet moves further to a series of default gateway before it leaves the enterprise. In this situation, each gateway node acts as a proxy server and a firewall. If a network is without a router, then the internet service provider location serves as the default gateway.
How to find your default gateway address
If you are not sure about your actual gateway IP addresses, then go ahead with the following steps to find it.
Using command prompt, and control panel, you can find your default gateway address.
- If you are a Windows user, run an ipconfig command using command prompt window. You can make this happen by directing your windows to open the Start menu and then click on Run. If you tap on it, you will get a new window where you need to type ‘cmd’ and hit enter. Now, type ipconfig on the command prompt window to show your router’s default gateway address.
- If you are a Unix or Linux user, go to Applications > System Tools > Terminal. Now, type ‘ip course’ on the terminal and hit enter. You will get something like this
joe$ ip course | grep default
default by means of 192.168.l.l dev eth0 proto static
- If you are a Macintosh OS user, then go to Finder > Applications > Utilities > Terminal.app. Now, type ‘netstat – nr ‘ on the terminal and hit enter. You will get something like this.
joe$ netstat – nr | grep default default 192.168.1.1 UGSc 50 46 en1
Once you have found your default gateway IP address, you can point your browser to the specific IP address and access them to change the settings of your router. If you need to access your router IP address, then you must have a username and password to access it. If you have a new router, you don’t need to worry about the authentication details because you can apply the default username and password in it.
Every router have some common username and password like,
User: “admin” pass: “admin”
User: “admin” pass: “password”
User: “admin” Pass: “<your isp name>”.
Try this out to access your router panel.